The Concept Of Legal Reasoning Of Judges In Islamic Law Regarding Legal Decisions For Drug Addicts In The Mandailing Natal District Court

Authors

  • Bahtiar Yusuf Harahap Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Sukiati Sukiati Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Dhiauddin Tanjung Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.38035/jlph.v4i5.527

Keywords:

Legal Reasoning, Judges, Islamic Law, Legal Decisions, Drug Addicts

Abstract

This research examines the concept of legal reasoning of judges in Islamic law related to legal decisions for drug addicts in the Mandailing Natal District Court. Legal reasoning in Islamic law involves interpreting the Quran, Hadith, Ijma, and Qiyas to reach a just decision. This research uses a qualitative approach with a case study method, analysis of decision documents, interviews with judges, and trial observation. The results showed that the judge combined the principles of Islamic law with Indonesian positive law. In the case of drug addicts, judges consider: Justice and Public Welfare: A verdict that not only punishes but also provides opportunities for rehabilitation. Interpretation of Islamic Law Sources: Referring to the Quran, Hadith, and scholarly opinions on punishment for drug addicts. Social Context and Positive Law: Ensuring the verdict is in line with national laws and local conditions. Rehabilitation and Protection of Human Rights: Support for the rehabilitation and recovery of addicts. In conclusion, the concept of judges' legal reasoning in Islamic law plays an important role in determining decisions that are fair, humane, and support the recovery and welfare of society. Practical implications include improving judges' understanding of Islamic legal reasoning and the integration of rehabilitative approaches in court decisions.

References

Almihan. 2021. “Argumentasi Hukum Putusan Hakim Mahkamah Agung Instrumen Mewujudkan Putusan Yang Berkeadilan.” Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara.

Arfa, Faisar Ananda, and Zulkifli Nas. 2021. Filsafat Hukum Pendekatan Komprehensif. 1st ed. edited by H. Firmansyah. Jakarta: Kencana.

Askin, Moh, and Masidin. 2023. Penelitian Hukum Normatif Analisis Putusan Hakim. 1st ed. edited by A. Purnama. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Grup.

Darmalaksana, Wahyudin. 2020. “Metode Penelitian Kualitatif Studi Pustaka Dan Studi Lapangan.” Pre-Print Digital Library UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung.

Hananta, Dwi. 2018. “Pertimbangan Keadaan-Keadaan Meringankan Dan Memberatkan Dalam Penjatuhan Pidana/Aggravating and Mitigating Circumstances Consideration on Sentencing.” Jurnal Hukum Dan Peradilan 7(1):87–108. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.25216/jhp.7.1.2018.87-108.

Hidayat, Arif. 2013. “Penemuan Hukum Melalui Penafsiran Hakim Dalam Putusan Pengadilan.” Pandecta Research Law Journal 8(2). doi: https://doi.org/10.15294/pandecta.v8i2.2682.

Holik, Juraidi. 2023. “Ratusan Hektare Lahan Ganja Kembali Ditemukan Di Mandailing Natal.” ANTARA.

Ibnu Thaimiyah, Ahmad. 1987. Majmu’ Al-Fatawa Ibnu Thaimiyah. Beirut: Dar Al-Arabiyah.

Indonesia, Mahkamah Agung. n.d. “Direktori Putusan Mahkamah Agung Republik Indonesia.” Dokumen Elektronik Putusan Seluruh Pengadilan Di Indonesia.

Ismail, Wahyuni. 2017. “Teori Biologi Tentang Perilaku Penyalahgunaan Narkoba.” Jurnal Biotek 5(1):127–43. doi: https://doi.org/10.24252/jb.v5i1.3453.

Kusumastuti, Adhi, and Ahmad Mustamil Khoiron. 2019. Metodel Penelitian Kualitatif. 1st ed. edited by F. Annisya and Sukarno. Semarang: Lembaga Pendidikan Sukarno Pressindo.

Lisdiyono, Edy. 2020. “MEMBANGUN ARGUMENTASI HUKUM SECARA KRITIS DALAM MEKANISME LITIGASI DI INDONESIA (Studi Empirik Putusan Pengadilan).” in Sriwijaya Law Conference. Vol. 2.

Marzuki, Peter Mahmud. 2022. Penelitian Hukum. Revisi. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Grup.

Mas, Marwan. 2012. “Penguatan Argumentasi Fakta-Fakta Persidangan Dan Teori Hukum Dalam Putusan Hakim.” Jurnal Yudisial 5(3):283–97. doi: https://doi.org/10.29123/jy.v5i3.125.

Muhammad Ahmadi, Fahmi, and Jaenal Aripin. 2010. Metode Penelitian Hukum. Ciputat: Lembaga Penelitian UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.

RI, Badan Narkotika Nasional. 2017. Narkoba Dan Permasalahannya. 2nd ed. Jakarta: Deputi Bidang Pencegahan BNN RI.

Rifai, Ahmad. 2018. Penemuan Hukum Oleh Hakim Dalam Perspektif Hukum Progresif. 2nd ed. Jakarta: Sinar Grafika.

Soekanto, Soerjono, and Sri Mamudji. 2001. Penelitian Hukum Normatif ( Suatu Tinjauan Singkat). Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.

Sulistyawan, Aditya Yuli, and Aldio Fahrezi Permana Atmaja. 2021. “ARTI PENTING LEGAL REASONING BAGI HAKIM DALAM PENGAMBILAN PUTUSANDI PENGADILAN UNTUK MENGHINDARI ONVOLDOENDE GEMOTIVEERD.” Jurnal Ius Constituendum 6(2):482–96. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.26623/jic.v6i2.4232.

Tanjung, Ahmad Kodir Jailani, and Hari Purwadi. 2019. “Paradigma Hakim Dalam Memutuskan Perkara Pidana Di Indonesia.” Jurnal Hukum Dan Pembangunan Ekonomi 7(1):39–51. doi: https://doi.org/10.20961/hpe.v7i1.29178.

Taqiuddin, Habibul Umam. 2019. “Penalaran Hukum (Legal Reasoning) Dalam Putusan Hakim.” JISIP (Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Pendidikan) 1(2). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.58258/jisip.v1i2.343.

Weruin, Urbanus Ura. 2017. “Logika, Penalaran, Dan Argumentasi Hukum.” Jurnal Konstitusi 14(2):374–95. doi: https://doi.org/10.31078/jk1427.

Zubaidah, Siti. 2011. Penyembuhan Korban Narkoba Melalui Terapi Dan Rehabilitasi Terpadu. 1st ed. edited by N. Khalila. Medan: IAIN PRESS.

Zulfah, Mumtahanah, and Husnussaadah. 2022. Analisis Data Kualitatif: Teori Dan Terapan. Makkasar: Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray.

Jaffray, 2022)

Downloads

Published

2024-07-10

How to Cite

Yusuf Harahap, B., Sukiati, S., & Tanjung, D. (2024). The Concept Of Legal Reasoning Of Judges In Islamic Law Regarding Legal Decisions For Drug Addicts In The Mandailing Natal District Court. Journal of Law, Politic and Humanities, 4(5), 1379–1392. https://doi.org/10.38035/jlph.v4i5.527